Category Archives: Holiday recipes

1962 Christmas Ad, California Raisins, with Holiday Dessert Recipes

1962 Christmas Ad, California Raisins, with Holiday Dessert Recipes

Vintage 1960s Christmas food/dessert ad for California Raisins from the California Raisin Advisory Board in Fresno, California – the two holiday recipes included in the advertisement are for Raisin Christmas Kisses and Raisin Kiddie Bars.

"Raisins peeking at you!"

Published in Good Housekeeping, December 1962 – Vol. 155 No. 6

Fair use/no known copyright. If you use this photo, please provide attribution credit; not for commercial use (see Creative Commons license).

Posted by classic_film on 2015-02-23 21:06:19

Tagged: , vintage , magazine , ad , advertisement , anzeige , advert , anuncio , retro , revista , ephemeral , classic , commercialism , consumerism , werbung , print ad , publicidad , publicité , nostalgic , nostalgia , reklame , ads , food , food ad , recipe , California , raisins , dessert , kitchen , color , baking , cookies , cooking , snack , cook , 1962 , 1960s , sixties , Christmas , Xmas , holiday , essen , comida , lebensmittel , homemade , nourriture , nahrungsmittel , alimentation , eten , comestible , pagkain , añejo , época , clásico

Ring Galaxy NGC 922 (NASA, Chandra, 12/05/12)

Ring Galaxy NGC 922 (NASA, Chandra, 12/05/12)

In this holiday season of home cooking and carefully-honed recipes, some astronomers are asking: what is the best mix of ingredients for stars to make the largest number of plump black holes?

They are tackling this problem by studying the number of black holes in galaxies with different compositions. One of these galaxies, the ring galaxy NGC 922, is seen in this composite image containing X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (red) and optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope (pink, yellow and blue).

NGC 922 was formed by the collision between two galaxies – one seen in this image and another located outside the field of view. This collision triggered the formation of new stars in the shape of a ring. Some of these were massive stars that evolved and collapsed to form black holes.

Most of the bright X-ray sources in Chandra’s image of NGC 922 are black holes pulling material in from the winds of massive companion stars. Seven of these are what astronomers classify as "ultraluminous X-ray sources" (ULXs). These are thought to contain stellar-mass black holes that are at least ten times more massive than the sun, which places them in the upper range for this class of black hole. They are a different class from the supermassive black holes found at the centers of galaxies, which are millions to billions of times the mass of the sun.

Theoretical work suggests that the most massive stellar-mass black holes should form in environments containing a relatively small fraction of elements heavier than hydrogen and helium, called “metals” by astronomers. In massive stars, the processes that drive matter away from the stars in stellar winds work less efficiently if the fraction of metals is smaller. Thus, stars with fewer of these metals among their ingredients should lose less of their mass through winds as they evolve. A consequence of this reduced mass loss is that a larger proportion of massive stars will collapse to form black holes when their nuclear fuel is exhausted. This theory appeared to be supported by the detection of a large number (12) of ULXs in the Cartwheel galaxy, where stars typically contain only about 30% of the metals found in the sun.

To test this theory, scientists studied NGC 922, which contains about the same fraction of metals as the sun, meaning that this galaxy is about three times richer in metals than the Cartwheel galaxy. Perhaps surprisingly, the number of ULXs found in NGC 922 is comparable to the number seen in the Cartwheel galaxy. Rather, the ULX tally appears to depend only on the rate at which stars are forming in the two galaxies, not on the fraction of metals they contain.

One explanation for these results is that the theory predicting the most massive stellar-mass black holes should form in metal poor conditions is incorrect. Another explanation is that the metal fraction in the Cartwheel galaxy is not low enough to have a clear effect on the production of unusually massive stellar-mass black holes, and therefore will not cause an enhancement in the number of ULXs. Recent models incorporating the evolution of stars suggest that a clear enhancement in the number of ULXs might only be seen when the metal fraction falls below about 15% of the Sun’s value. Astronomers are investigating this possibility by observing galaxies with extremely low metal fractions using Chandra. The number of ULXs is being compared with the number found in galaxies with higher metal content. The results of this work will be published in a future paper.

A paper describing the results for NGC 922 was published in the March 10, 2012 issue of the Astrophysical Journal. The authors were Andrea Prestwich and Jose Luis Galache of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) in Cambridge, MA; Tim Linden from University of Santa Cruz in Santa Cruz, CA; Vicky Kalogera from Northwestern University in Evanston, IL; Andreas Zezas from CfA and University of Crete in Crete, Greece; Tim Roberts from University of Durham in Durham, UK; Roy Kilgard from Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT; Anna Wolter and Ginevra Trinchieri from INAF in Milano, Italy. NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory controls Chandra’s science and flight operations from Cambridge, Mass.

Read entire caption/view more images:

Image credit: X-ray (NASA/CXC/SAO/A.Prestwich et al); Optical (NASA/STScI)

Caption credit: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Read more about Chandra:

p.s. You can see all of our Chandra photos in the Chandra Group in Flickr at: We’d love to have you as a member!

These official NASA photographs are being made available for publication by news organizations and/or for personal use printing by the subject(s) of the photographs. The photographs may not be used in materials, advertisements, products, or promotions that in any way suggest approval or endorsement by NASA. All Images used must be credited. For information on usage rights please visit:…

Posted by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center on 2012-12-07 04:34:32

Tagged: , ring galaxy NGC 922 , galaxy , collision , star formation , black hole recipe , ultraluminous X-ray sources , ULXs , stellar-mass black holes , sun , mass , supermassive black holes , hydrogen , helium , metals , Cartwheel galaxy , Astrophysical Journal , Chandra X-ray Observatory , x-ray telescope , Hubble Space Telescope , NASA , astronomy , Marshall Space Flight Center , Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

1970 Food Ad, Kraft Products, Manhattan Christmas Party Recipes (2-page advert)

1970 Food Ad, Kraft Products, Manhattan Christmas Party Recipes (2-page advert)

"Manhattan Christmas – You know it tastes better when you make it with Kraft"

Kraft recipes included in advertisement: Penthouse Appetizer, Manhattan Meatballs, Beignets, Shrimp Sauté, and Marzipan.

Opening advert text:
"From Park Avenue to Elm Street, Christmastime jingles with gaiety – good food, good friends and good times. A great time for Kraft. We never want to disappoint you on flavor or quality – and always try to come up with new food ideas to make entertaining easier. So count us in on any festivities you plan. We’re good help in the kitchen – the kind a smart hostess makes sure she has. Christmas is bound to be merry when we good friends get together."

Published in Ebony, December 1970 – Vol 26, No. 2

Fair use/no known copyright. If you use this photo, please provide attribution credit; not for commercial use (see Creative Commons license).

Posted by classic_film on 2014-10-31 13:38:44

Tagged: , vintage , magazine , nostalgic , nostalgia , ad , advertisement , advertising , advert , anzeige , anuncio , ads , retro , revista , reklame , ephemeral , classic , commercialism , consumerism , werbung , print ad , publicidad , publicité , color , Christmas , food , food ad , Kraft , recipe , Xmas , party , meal , cook , cooking , kitchen , meat , holiday , seventies , 1970 , 1970s , home , old , comida , essen , lebensmittel , nahrung , homemade , living room , nahrungsmittel , nourriture , alimentation , eten , comestible , pagkain , añejo , época , clásico

cherry pies

cherry pies

for two portions
2 tablespoon of cherry jam
1 tablespoon of corn flour
2 tablespoon of wheat flour
2 teaspoon of sugar
0,5 teaspoon of baking powder
Mix the wheat flour, sugar, baking powder with water to make a thick dough, do the same to the corn flour. put the jam into the forms, then put the wheat dough and corn dough over it , scatter some sugar over and bake about 20 min.

Posted by Mary Oceans on 2013-11-27 09:25:04

Tagged: , sweet , dessert , cherry , pie , breakfast , lunch , sugar , appetizing , corn , semolina , bakery , brown , cafe , caffeine , cake , cacao , close , cocina , cocoa , coffee , color , contrast , cook , cooking , crumb , crusty , cuisine , culinary , dainty , dairy , daylight , delicious , delight , curd , diet , dulce , eating , flour , food , foodstyling , fresh , glaze , glutenfree , healthy , holiday , homemade , hot , hunger , jaggery , meal , morning , natural , nutritious , pleasure , rice , romantic , seduction , soft , styling , syrup , tasty , vegan , vegetarian , yummy , jam , still life , berry

Homemade Linzer cookies

Homemade Linzer cookies

Very special cookies made by my children 🙂 Recipe soon:

Posted by vanilllaph on 2013-12-20 07:58:52

Tagged: , homemade , Linzer , cookie , cookies , white , Christmas , background , sweet , food , dessert , box , heart , recipe , eat , eting , festive , gift , edible , lamp , bright , bake , baking , baked , xmas , holiday , celebrate , celebration , celebrating , culinary , gourmet , table , cook , cooking , cookbook , menu , composition , vertical , closeup , macro

Noel Spritzer Recipe

Noel Spritzer Recipe


2 cups chilled dry white wine, nonalcoholic wine or apple juice
1 cup chilled cranberry-apple juice drink
1 cup chilled sparkling water
Apple slices, if desired
Fresh mint, if desired


1. Mix wine, juice drink and sparkling water.

2. Serve over ice. Garnish with apple slices and mint.

Posted by Betty Crocker Recipes on 2009-12-06 22:38:28

Tagged: , Betty Crocker , recipe , beverage , drink , holiday , Christmas , alcohol , non-alcoholic , white wine , cranberry , apple , refreshing , sparkling water , easy , simple , entertaining , party , guests , red , green , garnish , ice